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  3. "End the occupation !" PAJU Vigil # 843, April 7, 2017: A Palestinian declaration of independence: implications for peace. Part 1

"End the occupation !" PAJU Vigil # 843, April 7, 2017: A Palestinian declaration of independence: implications for peace. Part 1

Publication date : 2017-04-07

All observers agree that some breakthrough in the so-called "peace process" is needed. The Oslo Accords, which established the Palestinian Interim Governing Authority (PA), exhausted hopes for a final agreement after the failed Camp David summit of 2000 and the outbreak of the Second Intifada. In 2002, the Oslo framework of "stages" was effectively replaced by the simpler "Roadmap" agreement, developed by the Bush administration, which called openly for a two-state solution. The Roadmap replaced all previous frameworks and remains relevant to this day; it also comprised the basis for UN Security Council resolutions endorsing a two-state solution.

A Palestinian declaration of independence: implications for peace. Part 1

All observers agree that some breakthrough in the so-called "peace process" is needed. The Oslo Accords, which established the Palestinian Interim Governing Authority (PA), exhausted hopes for a final agreement after the failed Camp David summit of 2000 and the outbreak of the Second Intifada. In 2002, the Oslo framework of "stages" was effectively replaced by the simpler "Roadmap" agreement, developed by the Bush administration, which called openly for a two-state solution. The Roadmap replaced all previous frameworks and remains relevant to this day; it also comprised the basis for UN Security Council resolutions endorsing a two-state solution.

By 2007, however, the Roadmap in its turn was recognized as failing to make any headway on the thorny final-status issues: Jerusalem, settlements, borders, water and the return of Palestinian refugees. The comment by Dov Weissglass that the diplomatic process had gone into "formaldehyde" after Israel's withdrawal of Jewish settlements from Gaza in 2006 had proved precise. In late 2007, growing international concern prompted the Bush administration to launch yet another framework, termed here the "Annapolis process."

This process was not merely a new stage in Israeli-Palestinian negotiations. Launched at a one-day conference in Annapolis, Maryland, on November 27 and linked to a Donor's Conference in Paris that December, the Annapolis process redirected international action away from negotiations toward financial support for one side of the conflict: Palestinian state-building.

International confidence in this approach was encouraged by the PA's elaborate Palestinian Reform and Development Plan (PRDP), an ambitious development scheme composed by the appointed government of Salim Fayyad. The stated assumption at the Paris Donor's Conference (PDC) was that firmer financial footing for the PA, and more effective state institutions, could eventually translate into an independent Palestinian state in line with the two-state "vision" affirmed by UN Security Council Resolutions 1397 and 1515.


Adapted from:https://www.thefreelibrary.com/A+Palestinian+declaration+of+independence%3a+implications+for+peace.-a0224775155

Distributed by PAJU (Palestinians and Jewish Unity )

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